1. THE ORIGIN AND EXTENT OF THE KINGDOM OF BABYLONIn taking a general survey of the contents of the Book of Daniel, it may be seen that two great powers are the principal subjects of its predictions. The one is styled "THE KINGDOM OF MEN" (DAN 4:17); and the other, "THE KINGDOM OF GOD" (DAN 2:44) (DAN 4:3) (DAN 7:27)
It is true, that there are many symbols, such as the Image, the Fiery Furnace, the Tree-Stump, banded with brass and iron, the Four Beasts, the Ram, and the He-Goat; but these are signs in the prophetic heraldry, not of kingdoms distinct and independent of those which have preceded them, but of one and the same Kingdom of Men in the several phases of its existence.
The Kingdom of Men was founded by Nimrod, son of Cush, who was son of Ham, son of Noah. "The beginning of it was Babylon, and Erech, and Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar. Out of that land he went forth into Assyria, and builded Nineveh, and the city of Rehoboth, and Calah, and Resen between Nineveh and Calah; the same is a great city" (GEN 10:8-12). This Nimroudia was the Kingdom of Men in the extent of it during the lifetime of its founder, comprehending, as we see, Babylon and Assyria. These were its roots and trunk, which in after ages came to be famous for their strength and altitude, the beauty of their leaves, the abundance of their fruits, and their wide-spreading top; so that all the nations had shadow under it, and their rulers and great men dwelt in the boughs, and all flesh were fed of it (DAN 4) As a magnificent "tree in the midst of the earth, whose height reached unto heaven, and the sight thereof to the end of all the earth"